Utilization of Livestock Manure for Fertilizer on Mustard Green and Lettuce as an Application of Cleaner Production

Main Article Content

Afifah Nurmala Karima
Katharina Oginawati

Abstract

Livestock waste is one of the sources of organic pollutants in surface and ground water. This entire time, the cattle owners in Dago Atas dispose the cattle manure directly into Cikapundung River without any treatment. Then it needs to be implementing a treatment technology to overcome the negative impact of the wastes disposal and to gain an added-value by recycling the livestock waste into organic fertilizer products. The solid fertilizers were made by mixing the manure with 5% Effective Microorganism 4 (EM4) of the total weight of the manure, while the liquid fertilizers weremade by adding 10% of EM4 into the cattle urine. To ensure that this technology appropriates to be applied, further research is needed in order to investigate the effect of the fertilizer utilization on the plant growth. The fertilizer in this research was implemented on the mustard greens and the lettuce crops. This research was arranged in a completely randomized factorial design with two factors: the first is a combination of the solid fertilizers dose and the second is a combination of the liquid fertilizer dose. The growth variables measured for each crop are the plant height per week, amount of leaves, total fresh weight, consume fresh weight, harvest index, and stem diameter. Based on the ANOVA test was concluded that the solid fertilizer effect on plant height, number of leaves, stem diameter, total weight and consume weight of mustard green. While on the lettuce, solid fertilizer effect on plant height, stem diameter, total weight, and consume weight. The use of liquid fertilizer had no effect on growth of mustard and lettuce. From the Duncan test, found that the best solid fertilizer dose in mustard green and lettuce is 4 kg/m2.

Article Details

References

Asian Vegetables Glossary. (2009). Departement of Environment and Primary Industry. State of Victoria, Australia. http://www.depi.vic.gov.au/. Accessed on August 20 2014.

Dapertment of Environmental of Indonesian Republic (2009). Appendix II Regulation of the Minister of Environment No 11 Year 2009 about Wastewater Quality Standards for Cattle and Pig Business and/or Activity (in Bahasa Indonesia). 2 th 2

Department of Agricultural (2011). Organic Fertilizer from Cattle Urine (in Bahasa Indonesia). epetani.pertanian.go.id. Accessed on August 20 th 2014.

Department of Agricultural of Indonesian Republic. (2011). Regulation of the Minister of Agriculture No 70/Permentan/SR.140/10/2011 about Organic Fertilizer, Biological Fertilizer and Soil Justifier. (in Bahasa Indonesia)

Dorwoth, L., McCormick, R., & Miller, B.K. (1966). Nonpoint Source Pollution: A Threat to Our Waters. Protecting Our Water and Environmental Resources Congress, IllinoisIndiana Sea Grant College. Purdue University: West Lafayette.

Funk, R. C. (1970) Comporing Organic and Inorganic Fertilizers. The Davet Tree Expert Company.

Hanif, A. (2012). Biogas Utilization Study as a 10 kW Power, Mekarsari Farmers Group, Bojonegoro, Toward Energy Independent Village (in Bahasa Indonesia). Ten November Institute of Technology: Surabaya.

Mubaroq, H. M. (2009). Chemical Composition of Dairy Cow Feces and Urine were given Klobat Corn Feed from Vegetable Market Waste in Kebun Pedes Bogor Ranch (in Bahasa Indonesia). Thesis of Department of Livestock Products Technology, Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Bogor Institute of Agricultural.

Noverita, S.V. (2005). Effect of Nitrogen and Compost Against Aloe Vera Plant Growth Components (in Bahasa Indonesia). Field Research Journal of Agricultural Science Volume 3, No 3, December 2005: 95-105.

Plant Database (2012). Species Information of Greens Cabbage. http://www.pantamor.com/. Accessed on Agustus 17 th 2014.

Purwanto (2009). Application of Clean Production Technologies for Improving Efficiency and Preventing Industrial Pollution (in Bahasa Indonesia). Inauguration speech of Science in Chemical Engineering. Badan Penerbit Universitas Diponegoro: Semarang.

Romel, Randa Gusti. (2013). Utilization Study of Cow Urine as Liquid Fertilizer in Farm Around Cikapundung Sub River (in Bahasa Indonesia). Bandung: Department of Environmental Engineering, Bandung Institute of Technology.

Septiakhirani, Sri Rejeki. (2013). Study of Utilization of Solid Waste Cattle Manure as Granules Fertilizer in Farm Around Cikapundung Sub River (in Bahasa Indonesia). Bandung: Department of Environmental Engineering, Bandung Institute of Technology.

Shakhashiri, B. (2014). Agricultural Fertilizers: Nitrogen, Potassium, and Phosphorus. Chemistry 103-1 scifun.org. University of Wisconsin Madison.
Sundari, E., Sari, E., & Rinaldo, R. (2012). Making Liquid Organic Fertilizer Using Bioactivator Biosca and EM4 (in Bahasa Indonesia). Proceeding SNTK TOPI 2012, ISSN 1907-0500. Bung Hatta University. Pekanbaru, July 11 11 th 2012.

Yuliani, F. & Nugraheni,F. (2010). Organic Fertilizer Production (Kompost) from Bagasse Charcoal and Livestock Waste (in Bahasa Indonesia). Science and Technology, 3 (1) ISSN 1979-6870. University of Muria Kudus.