The Coronavirus diseases 2019 (Covid-19) pandemic: literature review

Main Article Content

Niqmatul Kurniati

Abstract

The end of 2019 or early 2020, the world was shocked by the outbreak of new pneumonia in Wuhan, China, which then spread rapidly throughout the world. This outbreak is named coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). COVID-19 is the name given by the World Health Organization (WHO) for patients with Covid-19. This disease's etiology is known for certain, which is included in the ribonucleic acid virus (RNA), namely a new type of Coronavirus, beta corona. Viruses and one group with the Coronavirus cause severe acute respiratory middle east respiratory syndrome (MERS CoV) and syndrome (SARS). Symptoms of Covid-19 can be mild to severe associated with the respiratory disease with common symptoms of fever, cough, and shortness of breath. COvid-19 is very dangerous for those who have comorbidities such as chronic bronchitis, emphysema, heart failure, or diabetes, which will have a more serious impact that can lead to death. Therefore, we conducted a review of studies related to Covid-19, which were widely applied in early 2020 to the end of August 2020.

Article Details

References

Abdurachman, A. V., & Oginawati, K. (2020). Residue of Organophosphate Insecticide in Strawberry. Research of environmental science and engineering, 1(1), 14-18.

Ahmad, T., Khan, M., Haroon, T. H. M., Nasir, S., Hui, J., Bonilla-Aldana, D. K., & Rodriguez-Morales, A. J. (2020). COVID-19: Zoonotic aspects. Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease. Doi:10.1016/j.tmaid.2020.101607

Ahmed, S. F., Quadeer, A. A., & McKay, M. R. (2020). Preliminary identification of potential vaccine targets for the COVID-19 coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) based on SARS-CoV immunological studies. Viruses, 12(3), 254.

Atkinson, B., Thorburn, F., Petridou, C., Bailey, D., Hewson, R., Simpson, A. J., ... & Aarons, E. J. (2017). Presence and persistence of Zika virus RNA in semen, United Kingdom, 2016. Emerging infectious diseases, 23(4), 611.

Auliailahi, A. R., & Oginawati, K. (2020). Effect of Clean and Healthy Life Behavior on Diarrhea Disease. Research of environmental science and engineering, 1(1), 8-13.

Bourcier, J. E., Paquet, J., Seinger, M., Gallard, E., Redonnet, J. P., Cheddadi, F., ... & Geeraerts, T. (2014). Performance comparison of lung ultrasound and chest x-ray for the diagnosis of pneumonia in the ED. The American journal of emergency medicine, 32(2), 115-118.

Cascella, M., Rajnik, M., Cuomo, A., Dulebohn, S. C., & Di Napoli, R. (2020). Features, evaluation and treatment coronavirus (COVID-19). In Statpearls [internet]. StatPearls Publishing.

Chana, J. F. W., Yip, C. C. Y., & To, K. K. W. (2020). Improved molecular diagnosis of COVID-19 by the novel, highly sensitive and specific 2 COVID-19-RdRp/Hel realtime reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction assay validated 3 in vitro and with clinical specimens. J Clin Microbiol, 00310-20.

Chu, H. Y., Englund, J. A., Starita, L. M., Famulare, M., Brandstetter, E., Nickerson, D. A., ... & Graham, C. (2020). Early Detection of Covid-19 through a Citywide Pandemic Surveillance Platform. New England Journal of Medicine.

Edridge, A. W., Kaczorowska, J., Hoste, A. C., Bakker, M., Klein, M., Loens, K., ... & Ieven, M. (2020). Seasonal coronavirus protective immunity is short-lasting. Nature medicine, 1-3.

Fan, Y. Y., Huang, Z. T., Li, L., Wu, M. H., Yu, T., Koup, R. A., ... & Wu, C. Y. (2009). Characterization of SARS-CoV-specific memory T cells from recovered individuals 4 years after infection. Archives of virology, 154(7), 1093-1099.

García, L. F. (2020). Immune response, inflammation, and the clinical spectrum of COVID-19. Frontiers in immunology, 11, 1441.

Handayani, D., Hadi, D. R., Isbaniah, F., Burhan, E., & Agustin, H. (2020). Corona Virus Disease 2019. Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia, 40(2), 119-129. https://doi.org/10.36497/jri.v40i2.101

Handayani, E. H., Oginawati, K., & Santoso, M. (2020). Assessment of Zn and Cu in Primary School Children’s Street Foods. Research of environmental science and engineering, 1(1), 19-24.

Haug, N., Geyrhofer, L., Londei, A., Dervic, E., Desvars-Larrive, A., Loreto, V., ... & Klimek, P. (2020). Ranking the effectiveness of worldwide COVID-19 government interventions. Nature Human Behaviour, 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41562-020-01009-0

Hirotsu, Y., Mochizuki, H., & Omata, M. (2020). Double-quencher probes improve detection sensitivity toward Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in a reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay. Journal of virological methods, 284, 113926.

Hu, Z., Song, C., Xu, C., Jin, G., Chen, Y., Xu, X., ... & Wang, J. (2020). Clinical characteristics of 24 asymptomatic infections with COVID-19 screened among close contacts in Nanjing, China. Science China Life Sciences, 63(5), 706-711. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11427-020-1661-4

Lan, J., Ge, J., Yu, J., Shan, S., Zhou, H., Fan, S., ... & Wang, X. (2020). Structure of the SARS-CoV-2 spike receptor-binding domain bound to the ACE2 receptor. Nature, 581(7807), 215-220.

Li, W., Moore, M. J., Vasilieva, N., Sui, J., Wong, S. K., Berne, M. A., ... & Choe, H. (2003). Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 is a functional receptor for the SARS coronavirus. Nature, 426(6965), 450-454. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature02145

Lockhart, S. L., Duggan, L. V., Wax, R. S., Saad, S., & Grocott, H. P. (2020). Personal protective equipment (PPE) for both anesthesiologists and other airway managers: principles and practice during the COVID-19 pandemic. Canadian Journal of Anesthesia/Journal canadien d'anesthésie, 1-11.

Mattioli, A. V., Puviani, M. B., Nasi, M., & Farinetti, A. (2020). COVID-19 pandemic: the effects of quarantine on cardiovascular risk. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 1-4.

Ningsih, Y., & Oginawati, K. (2020). The Influence of Indoor Air Condition on Microorganism Existing in Slum Area Around Pasupati Flyover and Cikapundung River. Research of environmental science and engineering, 1(1), 1-7.

Pal, M., Berhanu, G., Desalegn, C., & Kandi, V. (2020). Severe acute respiratory syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2): An update. Cureus, 12(3). doi:10.7759/cureus.7423

Park, S. E. (2020). Epidemiology, virology, and clinical features of severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2; Coronavirus Disease-19). Clinical and experimental pediatrics, 63(4), 119. Doi. 10.3345/cep.2020.00493

Purcell, L. N., & Charles, A. G. (2020). An Invited Commentary on “World Health Organization declares global emergency: A review of the 2019 novel Coronavirus (COVID-19)": Emergency or new reality?. International journal of surgery (London, England), 76, 111. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijsu.2020.02.034

Qin, C., Zhou, L., Hu, Z., Zhang, S., Yang, S., Tao, Y., ... & Tian, D. S. (2020). Dysregulation of immune response in patients with COVID-19 in Wuhan, China. Clinical Infectious Diseases.

Retnaningsih, R., Kurnianto, A., Andhitara, Y., Ardhini, R., Satrioaji, H. W., & Budiman, J. (2020). Ensefalitis pada Infeksi Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19): Sebuah Tinjauan Literatur. Medica Hospitalia: Journal of Clinical Medicine, 7(1A), 361-371.

Shafique, L., Ihsan, A., & Liu, Q. (2020). Evolutionary trajectory for the emergence of novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2. Pathogens, 9(3), 240. https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens9030240

Sharma, A., Raju, D., & Ranjan, S. (2017, November). Detection of pneumonia clouds in chest X-ray using image processing approach. In 2017 Nirma University International Conference on Engineering (NUiCONE) (pp. 1-4). IEEE.

Sohrabi, C., Alsafi, Z., O’Neill, N., Khan, M., Kerwan, A., Al-Jabir, A., ... & Agha, R. (2020). World Health Organization declares global emergency: A review of the 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19). International Journal of Surgery. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijsu.2020.02.034

Sollena, P., Cappilli, S., Piccerillo, A., Chiricozzi, A., & Peris, K. (2020). COVID‐19 hygiene measures: hand eczema and insights into ACE2 and integrins as key molecules for SARS‐CoV‐2 cutaneous transmission. International journal of dermatology.

Susetyo, S. H., Assomadi, A. F., & Hermana, J. (2020). Heat recovery from combustion Incinerator for Plastic Pyrolysis Process. Research of environmental science and engineering, 1(1), 25-29.

Van Doremalen, N., Bushmaker, T., Morris, D. H., Holbrook, M. G., Gamble, A., Williamson, B. N., ... & Lloyd-Smith, J. O. (2020). Aerosol and surface stability of SARS-CoV-2 as compared with SARS-CoV-1. New England Journal of Medicine, 382(16), 1564-1567. DOI: 10.1056/NEJMc2004973

Waller, J. V., Allen, I. E., Lin, K. K., Diaz, M. J., Henry, T. S., & Hope, M. D. (2020). The limited sensitivity of chest computed tomography relative to reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction for Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 infection: a systematic review on COVID-19 diagnostics. Investigative radiology.

Wen, F., Yu, H., Guo, J., Li, Y., Luo, K., & Huang, S. (2020). Identification of the hyper-variable genomic hotspot for the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2. The Journal of Infection. Doi: 10.1016/j.jinf.2020.02.027

Wölfel, R., Corman, V. M., Guggemos, W., Seilmaier, M., Zange, S., Müller, M. A., ... & Hoelscher, M. (2020). Virological assessment of hospitalized patients with COVID-2019. Nature, 581(7809), 465-469.

World Health Organization. (2020). Water, sanitation, hygiene and waste management for COVID-19: technical brief, 03 March 2020 (No. WHO/2019-NcOV/IPC_WASH/2020.1). World Health Organization.

Xu, J., Zhao, S., Teng, T., Abdalla, A. E., Zhu, W., Xie, L., ... & Guo, X. (2020). Systematic comparison of two animal-to-human transmitted human coronaviruses: SARS-CoV-2 and SARS-CoV. Viruses, 12(2), 244. https://doi.org/10.3390/v12020244

Xu, Jiabao, Shizhe Zhao, Tieshan Teng, Abualgasim Elgaili Abdalla, Wan Zhu, Longxiang Xie, Yunlong Wang, and Xiangqian Guo. "Systematic comparison of two animal-to-human transmitted human coronaviruses: SARS-CoV-2 and SARS-CoV." Viruses 12, no. 2 (2020): 244. https://doi.org/10.3390/v12020244

Xu, Zhe, Lei Shi, Yijin Wang, Jiyuan Zhang, Lei Huang, Chao Zhang, Shuhong Liu et al. "Pathological findings of COVID-19 associated with acute respiratory distress syndrome." The Lancet respiratory medicine 8, no. 4 (2020): 420-422.

Zhang, H., Penninger, J. M., Li, Y., Zhong, N., & Slutsky, A. S. (2020). Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) as a SARS-CoV-2 receptor: molecular mechanisms and potential therapeutic target. Intensive care medicine, 46(4), 586-590.

Zhang, T., Wu, Q., & Zhang, Z. (2020). Probable pangolin origin of SARS-CoV-2 associated with the COVID-19 outbreak. Current Biology.

Zhou, H., Chen, X., Hu, T., Li, J., Song, H., Liu, Y., ... & Hughes, A. C. (2020). A novel bat coronavirus closely related to SARS-CoV-2 contains natural insertions at the S1/S2 cleavage site of the spike protein. Current Biology. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2020.05.023

Zou, L., Ruan, F., Huang, M., Liang, L., Huang, H., Hong, Z., ... & Guo, Q. (2020). SARS-CoV-2 viral load in upper respiratory specimens of infected patients. New England Journal of Medicine, 382(12), 1177-1179.